Grabbing Power: The new struggles for land, food and democracy in Northern Honduras
With a Foreword by Eric Holt-Giménez
In 2009, Honduran elites financed a coup to grab land and power. The peasants of the Aguán Valley are fighting to grab it back…for their families, local economies and the future of democracy.
Grabbing Power outlines the history of agribusiness in Northern Honduras—from the United Fruit Company’s dominance in the 20th century to the rise of a powerful class of domestic elites in the 1980s and 90s including the brutal landowner Miguel Facussé, also known as the “oil palm grower of death.” The power of these elites is bolstered by international aid, “green” capitalism, a corrupt media, and US-funded militarization in the name of a tragic War on Drugs. This book also tells the story of the fierce resistance of Aguán peasants and Afro-indigenous communities in northern Honduras, and their fight for the democratization of land, food and political power. This is the first book in Food First’s Land & Sovereignty Series.
Paperback, 188 pages $14.99, ISBN 978-0-935028-43-0
E-book $9.99, ISBN 978-0-935028-44-7
If you want a deeper understanding of the global land grab emergency, you can’t do better than this book. Through meticulous research, unapologetic attention to history, and crackling critique…this book reminds us not just why, but what we fight. – Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine and Avi Lewis, director of The Take.
Journalist Manuel Torres Calderón (2002) calls Honduras the “unknown country,” the least known and the least understood country in Central America—primarily thought of as a “banana republic” and a US base for counter-insurgency in the 1980s. Indeed, compared to most Latin American countries, there are few English-language books about Honduras written for a popular audience. Even after the June 2009 coup that ousted President Manuel Zelaya and the massive popular movement that followed, Honduras languished in mainstream media obscurity, overshadowed by celebratory coverage of the Arab Spring. When the media did report on Honduras (or Central America in general) it generally portrayed the region as a hopeless “basketcase” beset by gangs, crime and a tragically unwinnable War on Drugs. These portrayals tell us little about the structural (political and economic) causes of poverty and violence. Nor do they show us how fiercely Hondurans are fighting to take back control of their local economies, protect their families from violence, and build democracy from the ground up.
Over the last three decades, the poverty generated by Honduras’ unequal land distribution has been magnified by climate change and natural disasters, rising food prices, and land grabs for corporate agribusiness and tourism development. While deepening vulnerability, these events also sparked new forms of grassroots organizing and political consciousness. This book explores the dramatic expansion of agro-industrial development in northern Honduras in the neoliberal era, its relationship to strengthening elite power, and the seeds of popular resistance it has paradoxically sown. Honduras is not a hopeless basketcase. It is, like many countries in the global South, a country where hunger, poverty and violence are rooted in a lack of genuine democracy (and not, as some would have it, a lack of foreign aid or economic growth). And that is precisely what Honduran peasant movements are fighting for: the democratization of land, food and political power.
About the Author
Tanya Kerssen is a researcher at Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy, where she analyzes the root causes of hunger and works to amplify the voices of social movements fighting to transform the global food system. She writes and teaches on the political economy of food, agriculture and peasant resistance, with a focus on Latin America and Africa. She is engaged in solidarity work in support of Honduran land and democracy movements in the aftermath of the 2009 coup.
Praise for Grabbing Power
“With this chilling description of the impacts in Honduras of the new scramble towards land and resources, Tanya Kerssen gives faces, and voices, to what is all too often described through statistics and trends—an anonymization that is also a silencing. This is required reading for those who wish to understand land grabbing from the point of view of the victims.”
–Olivier De Schutter, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food
“If you want a deeper understanding of the global land grab emergency, you can’t do better than this book. Through meticulous research, unapologetic attention to history, and crackling critique…this book reminds us not just why, but what we fight.”
–Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine and Avi Lewis, director of The Take
“Grabbing Power is a very readable and accessible book that does not require a high level of knowledge about Honduras, peasant agriculture or the food sovereignty movement. [It is] a valuable source of knowledge and understanding of this troubled country where acts of courage and determination are taking place daily outside the notice of even most Latin America solidarity activists. Grabbing Power helps fill in the formerly blank slate for us.”
–Chuck Kaufman, National Coordinator of Alliance for Global Justice, member of the US Honduras Solidarity Network
“Grabbing Power represents a timely and inspiring challenge to the swelling ‘land grab’ literature. Tanya Kerssen situates the current land grab in Honduras as more than a momentary putsch–rather, a power play against a land and democracy movement generated by previous neoliberal land grabs in the 1990s. The story is one thing, and it is powerful; the challenge is another, namely, that land grab analyses need to take account of the full range and genealogy of political forces at work.”
– Philip McMichael, Professor of Sociology, Cornell University